References and Links

Here is a list of our favorite links about Transcranial Magnetic and Transcranial Electric Stimulation.

We hope this small list helps you keep up to date. There are hundreds more.


  1. Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for Depression:One-Year Durability of Response and Remission
  2. Depression often co-occurs with joint diseases
    Those suffering from depressive symptoms have an increased risk for physical diseases, especially
    for arthrosis and arthritis, degenerative and inflammatory diseases of the joints.
  4.   Researchers may be
    able to improve memory by discharging magnetic pulses on the skull to alter the neural activity at and beneath the
    brain’s surface.
  5. Weiduschat N, Thiel A, Rubi-Fessen I et al. Effects of Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in
    Aphasic Stroke: A Randomized Controlled Pilot Study. Stroke. 2011;42(2):409-415.
  6. Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
  7. Magnetic Brain Stimulation May Help Smokers Quit
  8. SPRING TMS (  battery operated gives only one pulse First device to treat
    migraine wins FDA approval at
  9. Anand S, Hotson J. Transcranial magnetic stimulation: Neurophysiological
    applications and safety. Brain and Cognition. 2002;50:366-386.
  10. Rossini PM, Rossi S. Transcranial magnetic stimulation: diagnostic, therapeutic, and
    research potential. Neurology. 2007;68:484-488.

  11. Wassermann EM, Lisanby S. Therapeutic application of repetitive transcranial magnetic
    stimulation: a review. Clin Neurophysiol. 2001;112:1367-1377.

  12. Mayo Clinic Medical Edge – Previews new migraine treatment option Magnets for Migraines
    Click here to watch video
  13. ABC Broadcasts News of Neuralieve Clinical Trial Results– Patients discuss medication-free Migraine Relief
    Click here to watch video
  14. CBS Broadcasts News of Neuralieve Clinical Trial Results - New Device Stop Migraines
    Click here to watch video
  15. Albert Einstein Article announces positive trial results for TMS treatment of Migraine Pain
    Click here to download article
  16. Magnetic Brain Stimulation Might Help Some Stroke Patients, 23 percent improvement two weeks later
  17. Stimulating brain with electricity aids learning speed  , “applied to healthy adults: their speed of
    learning was also significantly increased”
  18. Electric current 'boosts maths  “targeting a part of the brain called the parietal lobe improved the
    ability of volunteers to solve numerical problems”
    04 NOVEMBER 2010, HEALTH
  19. Magnets help regrow brain cells  “Trans cranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) has been used to
    treat certain disorders, including depression and schizophrenia and to enhance memory and
    rehabilitate people after stroke”. 02 May 07 |  Health
  20. Therapy hope for stroke victims  Professor Rothwell said: "We can turn up or turn down the
    at will." “It might be useful in epilepsy”
    20 Jan 05 |  Health
  21. Magnetic therapy helps stroke patients  “The scientists are reawakening parts of the brain
    damaged through stroke”
    07 SEPTEMBER 2011
  22. Magnetic therapy for spine injury  “The therapy led to improved muscle and limb movement,
    and increased ability to feel sensations”   11 May 04 |  Health
  23. Brain pulses stimulate deep sleep  Enhances slow wave activity, believed to be critical to the
    restoration of mood and the ability to learn, think and remember, Edinburgh Sleep Centre 
    02 May 07 |  Health
  24. Scientists use brain stimulation to boost creativity, set stage to potentially treat
    April 16, 2015, at
  25. Why DBS Works for Parkinson’s?  Deep-brain stimulation may effectively treat slow movement, tremor, and
    rigidity in Parkinson’s patients by reducing synchronicity of neural activity in the motor cortex. 
    April 14, 2015.


1. Hadley et al., 2011, ”Safety, tolerability, and effectiveness of high doses of adjunctive daily left prefrontal
repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for treatment-resistant depression in a clinical setting”. The Journal
of ECT.

2. Slotema et al., 2010, ”Should We Expand the Toolbox of Psychiatric Treatment Methods to Include Repetitive
Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS)? – A Meta-Analysis of the Efficacy of rTMS in Psychiatric Disorders”.
The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry.

3. Rossi et al., 2009, ”Safety, ethical considerations, and application guidelines for the use of transcranial
magnetic stimulation in clinical practice and research”. Clinical Neurophysiology.

4. National Institute of Mental Health (

5. Rossini et al., 2005, ”Transcranial magnetic stimulation in treatment-resistant depressed patients:
A double-blind, placebo-controlled trial”. Psychiatry Research.

6. Peng et al., 2012, ”High Frequency rTMS treatment increases white matter FA in the left middle frontal gyrus
in young patients with treatment-resistant depression”. Journal of Affective Disorders.

7. Carpenter et al., 2012, ”Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) for major depression: a multisite,
naturalistic, observational study of acute treatment outcomes in clinical practice”. Depression and Anxiety.

8. Connolly et al., 2012, ”Effectiveness of transcranial magnetic stimulation in clinical practice post-FDA
approval in the United States: results observed with the first 100 consecutive cases of depression at an
academic medical center”. The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry.

9. George et al., 2010, ”Daily Left Prefrontal Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Therapy for Major Depressive
Disorder – a sham-controlled randomized trial”. Archives of General Psychiatry.

10. Pascual-Leone et al., 2002, ”Handbook of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation”. Arnold ISBN 0-340-72009-3.

11. Keck et al., 2002, ”Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation increases the release of dopamine in the
mesolimbic and mesostriatal system”. Neuropharmacology.

12. Luborzewski et al., 2007, ”Metabolic alterations in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex after treatment with
high-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in patients with unipolar major depression”.
Journal of psychiatric research.

13. Videbech, 2000, ”PET measurements of brain glucose metabolism and blood flow in major depressive
disorder: a critical review”. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica.

14. Fitzgerald et al., 2012, ”An open label trial of clustered maintenance rTMS for patients with refractory
depression”, Brain Stimulation.

Literature review on Effective, safer, less costly option to ECT and augmentation to antidepressants
Depression Central is a clearinghouse for information on all types of mood disorders and on the most
effective treatments for individuals suffering from Major Depression, Manic-Depression (Bipolar Disorder),
Cyclothymia, Dysthymia, Panic Disorder, Social Phobia and other mood disorders.